Pavshinskaya Poyma的堤岸的设计和功能是由环境决定的。它是两个大型 “集群 “之间的 “缓冲区”：没有庭院的密集住宅开发和位于河对岸的大型购物和展览中心。该地区被附近的居民作为社区空间使用，被克拉斯诺戈尔斯克的居民作为市中心使用。这些具有不同利益的群体必须被分开，同时创造出所有群体都可以根据自己的意愿使用的通用元素。
The design and functions of the embankment in Pavshinskaya Poyma are determined by the context. It is a ‘buffer zone’ between two large ‘clusters’: the dense residential development without courtyards and the large shopping and exhibition complex located on the opposite side of the river. The area is used by the residents of the neighbourhood as a community space and by the residents of Krasnogorsk as a downtown area. These groups with different interests had to be separated while creating universal elements that all groups could use if they wished.
The amphitheatre, for example, is designed with ergonomically shaped backrests with different inclinations making it comfortable to both sit on and lay back as on a lounge chair. Residents from nearby can work on their laptops, sunbathe or do yoga, while those who come for a walk can listen to an evening concert, meet friends or just relax by the water. The promenade is designed with a variety of wide and narrow zones. The wider areas have different functions: a green space with benches and old willow trees, sun loungers with new trees, picnic areas by the water, an amphitheatre. The narrower areas are transit, with only a pedestrian zone, a running track and illumination.
Ivan Ohapkin，Basis工作室的负责人。我们创造了这种通过走廊进入一个新房间的感觉。除了视觉上的多样性，这样的中转区使我们有可能避免地方的过度饱和，使关键的吸引点不那么拥挤。如果没有不同的区域，两个城市化的 “集群 “之间的长廊会变得人满为患，功能繁多，使其成为一个不舒服的地方。我们通过制作上层和下层的长廊来分离人流，通过广泛的路径系统，使其易于进入。”
Ivan Ohapkin, head of the Basis studio: ‘We created this feeling of entering a new room through a corridor. In addition to visual diversity, such transit areas make it possible to avoid oversaturating the place and to make the key attraction points less crowded. Without the different zones, the promenade between the two urbanised ‘clusters’ would become overcrowded with people and functions, making it an uncomfortable place to be in. We have separated the pedestrian flows by making an upper and lower promenade, which is easy to access with an extensive pathway system.”
The design emphasises the natural feel of the space: healthy trees have been preserved and new moisture-loving maples and willows have been planted, which will soon provide shade meanwhile creating a lively atmosphere. It’s easy to access the water, where you can have a picnic or just sit by the river.
The paving pattern is inspired by the natural gradient of the river, changing gently from darker tones by the water to lighter ones by the shore. The ripples in the pavement pattern echo the ripples in the water. The retaining walls use arch concrete with a geometric pattern, emphasising the play of light and shadow.
The new lower embankment makes it easy to access any point of public space from the courtyards of the high-rise buildings (the ‘quiet zone’). The quiet zone was the first to be designed; this area has strong winds between buildings. With this in mind, the studio designed beehive-shaped pergolas with swings, whose main function is to diminish the winds and provide shelter from sun and rain. It was important to accurately design the landscape: a large number of pyramidal poplar trees have been planted around the perimeter of the courtyard to protect it from wind and noise. The studio also designed bespoke complex parametric benches, low stage areas and paving to suit the design concept for this area.
来自 （SEE MORE） Basis architectural bureau